*The *2015 California Mathematics Network* is a community of math education leaders from twelve regions in the State. This Conference focused on the NCTM publication Principles to Actions. The book is an amazing resource that discusses what needs to be done in math classes, and what actions need to be taken by teachers and administrators alike to make that happen. It should be read by anyone who has an investment in math education. A good primer is p 5, 10, & 109-116, or check out the Executive Summary. Following are some terrific ideas from the conference speakers on how to implement these Principles.*

*The Best of the Common Core Closes the Achievement Gap* — Dr. Lee Stiff, former NCTM President

- The Achievement Gap can best be narrowed through Effective Teaching of the CCSSM Practices.
- Where do these effective teachers come from? … “from our good work!” (as instructional leaders)
- The primary purpose of
is to fill the gap between the adoption of rigorous standards and the enactment of*Principles to Actions***practices, policies, programs, and actions**required for successful implementation of those standards. **NCTM Guiding Principles**

(from*Principles to Action*)

**Teaching and Learning**

**Access and Equity**

**Curriculum**

**Tools and Technology**

**Assessment**

**Professionalism****NCTM Teaching Practices**

(from Principles to Action)

**1. Establish mathematics goals to focus learning.**

2. Implement tasks that promote reasoning and problem solving.

3. Use and connect mathematical representations.

4. Facilitate meaningful mathematical discourse.

5. Pose purposeful questions.

6. Build procedural fluency from conceptual understanding.

**7. Support productive struggle in learning mathematics.**

**8. Elicit and use evidence of student thinking.**- Student placement and support should be based on DATA not DEMOGRAPHICS.
- We create the gap!!

#### Teaching Practices that Support Student Learning of Mathematics — Peg Smith, University of Pittsburgh

*Dr. Smith had us read through a well-known task, the Hexagon Train, and then analyzed it through the lens of each of the Teaching & Learning Principles in Principles to Actions (Summarized Below)*:

**1. goals
2. tasks
3. representations
4. discourse
5. purposeful questions
6. procedural fluency**

**7. productive struggle**

**8. evidence of student thinking**

- It’s all about the task. Choosing the task really matters.
- “What you put in front of the students frames their opportunity to learn the mathematics.”
- Have your questions “locked and loaded,” and your responses “in your back pocket.”
- It’s time to break out of the “postage stamp” lesson plan, (the homework, & examples fit in a little box), and write analytical, anticipatory lesson plans. (
*This one needs a cute name, too*) - It’s difficult for teachers to use a high level task. It’s even more difficult for them to use it well.
- Decrease the complexity of language without decreasing the cognitive demand of the task.
- “Never Say Anything That a Kid Can Say.” (Article)
- Writing “SWBT” objectives limit what students learn. Is the goal really to be able to find the length of the hypotenuse or to understand the relationship of the areas of the squares formed by the three sides of a right triangle?
- Dr. Smith is the co-author of 5 Practices for Orchestrating Productive Discourse in Mathematics Class.
- Dr. Smith shared this Principles to Action Tool Kit:

*Dr. Smith then asked us to restructure a standard series of textbook questions into a more robust task. The conversation at my table was very rich. It was a briefer version of a lesson makeover, and would be an awesome PD activity.*

*Smarter Balance Update* — Mary Tribbey & Jane Liang

This slide makes two BIG statements:

- The Red Dot (•) is along a timeline from the start of the assessment initiative to full implementation. We are still in the early stages of perfecting it.
- There do exist Interim Assessments that few schools (including mine) are using to check for student readiness.

This day was the first I heard of the scaled score for the reporting of the test. It appears that there will now be some reporting on the standards as well as the claims, after all.

*Equity-Based Teaching Practices* — Karen Mayfield-Ingram, EQUALS Program, UC Berkeley

- Going Deep with Mathematics
- Leveraging Multiple Mathematical Competencies
- Affirming Mathematics Learner’s Identity (multiple access points)
- Challenging Spaces of Marginality (diminish status within class)
- Drawing on Multiple Resources of Knowledge (including culture and experience)

Lesson: “**He Was Suspended for Being Mexican**” (excerpt from The Impact of Identify in K-8 mathematics Learning and Teaching) *This was an anecdote of a teacher who took a students statement, “He was suspended for being Mexican,” and turned into a statistics lesson in which the students had to analyze data to determine if the school policies truly were racist or not. While we can’t tie every topic into a student-oriented context, I think it is a powerful idea that should be done more often.*

*Technology & Computation* — Joe Fielder, Cal State Bakersfield

- All computation outside the classroom is done by a machine.
- Machine computation is mostly done with spreadsheets.
- Hand calculations are only done in math classes. (referenced TED talk by Conrad Wolfram)
- If we are going to teach students mathematics that is relevant beyond the college entrance exam, we need to give explicit instruction on the tools of computation.
- Dr. Fiedler is currently working with the college board to change the SAT to reflect computations done by hand-held graphing calculators.
- The introduction of the first scientific calculator 1972 was controversial, because teachers were worried that students would no longer be able to use tables.
- “Students are idle, indifferent, irresponsible in response to absurd work. This is a rational response!”
- There is no change without a loss. If there is no loss, there is no change. Similarly, literacy diminished the need for memory, but we still teach students to read and write.
- Yes,
*part*of education’s job is to pass on old knowledge, but it’s not the entire job. It’s time to get with the times.

#### BREAKOUT: *Exploring the Common Core Statistics & Probability Standards* — Jim Short, Ventura County Office of Ed

- “Statistics means never having to say your certain.” The irony is that this is what makes math teachers uncomfortable with stats.
- Teachers are avoiding the teaching of statistics, but the ponderous of the Performance Tasks on State Tests are based on Statistics and Data Analysis.
- Statistics is more important than Calculus. (referenced TED talk by Benjamin Arnold)
- From the GAISE Report,

4 Components of Statistical Problem Solving

I. Formulate Questions

II. Collect Data

III. Analyze Data

IV. Interpret Results - You aren’t teaching
*statistics*unless you are teaching*modeling*.Here are some great tools that we used in the session to generate statistical displays in a spreadsheet:

g(math) {Google Sheets add-ons}

Geogebra {box-n-whisker}

Core Math Tools {NCTM}

“=norminv(rand(),*mean*,*s.d.*)” {Excel Macro for generating a set of normalized data}

#### BREAKOUT: *The Right Answer is Not Enough* — Ivan Cheng, Cal State Northridge

- What the teacher assesses is what the students think that the teacher values.
- How is “doing math” defined differently under Common Core versus NCLB? How you answer that questions, determines how you teach and assess under the new standards.
- After a test, if the teacher can’t state what the student misconceptions are, then the teacher needs to do some more digging.
- Teachers should use assessment questions that intentionally reveal misconceptions.
- Why “a” student missed a question is as important as which question they missed.
- Clicking Smarter Balanced ASSESSMENTS (in SBAC navigation bar) will take you to documents that map targets to standards.
- “Think about getting through to the kids instead of getting through the textbook.”
- This sample question demonstrated why the students have issues with the new assessments. The students instantly think that the answer is “20,” because x = 20. Since 20 is not a given situation, they often choose “D: Neither.”

#### My Big Take-Aways

- The achievement gap can be closed by the
**effective teaching**of the Math Practices. - It’s all about the
**task**!! - Two Big Words kept coming up:
**Meaningful**&**Equity**. Equity is achieved by giving all students access to meaningful, high-level mathematics. - Get with the times, and start using
**technology**in order to move from computation to deeper, higher mathematics. - There are some amazing tools available for
**Statistics**tasks. This is a pervasive topic that needs serious attention and support. - Our assessments communicate what we
**value**. The assessments are changing, because our goals are changing. Therefore, we teachers must change our values and practices. - We should all read
.**Principles to Action** - The Region 10 Team is an amazing group of intelligent, passionate people. I look forward to seeing how we will put all these principles into
**action**.